Name of Technology : Integrated Crop Management of Hybrid Maize.
Character of Technology : Maize cultivation in district Hardoi is traditional and low remunerative. KVK made intervention with hybrid Maize which can thrive under agro-ecological situation and management practices followed by farmers in district Hardoi. Hybrid Maize is high yielding in comparison to open pollinated varieties, leading to improvement in the livelihood security of the small farm holders. Hybrid variety DKC-9108 during spring season was identified for intervention due to high yield and short duration crop period.
Impact of Technology : Maize is a stable food crop and 70% of the Maize production is done by the small land holders in the district thus small land holders were identified as first line beneficiaries. KVK organized training programmes on production technology of hybrid Maize for farmers and farm women and supplied 8kg of seed to 10 farmers of the village Achharamau, Block-Sursa, District-Hardoi. The scientist of the KVK visited demonstration of plots regularly and provided suitable technological advisory services for specific problems. The crop mature within 105 days with an average productivity of 87.50 q/ha. The superior performance of Maize hybrid varieties spurred gained popularity among the farmers with land holding less than 2.0 ha. Sri Ramesh Chandra Village- Achharamau, Block-Sursa earned bumper yield of hybrid maize variety DKC 9108, with productivity of 91.50 q/ha and net income of Rs. 63,700/-/ha. Sri Ramesh Chandra formed SHG for scaling up production and marketing of spring maize. Due to innovative efforts of Sri Ramesh Chand his native village Achharamau became famous for spring maize cultivation in district Hardoi. The crop rotation maize-potato changed as maize-potato-summer maize. The cropping intensity increased by 100%. The farmers cultivating spring maize in village Achharamau and other adjoining village are receiving a net return Rs. 63,700/-/ha. The technology spread in an area of more than 500 ha with in three seasons due to higher returns. Mr. Ramesh Chand Mishra is a role model for farmers and farm woman for summer maize cultivation. Thus KVK Hardoi could make excellent impact by introducing the hybrid maize cultivation and improving the livelihood status of small land holders.
Name of Technology : Back yard poultry farming.
Character of Technology : Poultry production system in district Hardoi is traditional and poorly remunerative. KVK made intervention with dual purpose improved birds which can thrive well under poor feeding and management practices and can grow faster than indigenous bird and lay more eggs. The CARI SHYAMA and CARI NIRBHIK bird were identified for intervention due to dual character which may fetched better price in terms meat and egg in the market.
Impact of Technology : The poultry producers interested in poultry production were identified as first line beneficiaries. KVK organized training programmes on back yard poultry farming at KVK centre for farmers and farm women. KVK supplied 50 birds of CARI SHYAMA and CARI NIRBHIK to each famer comprising group of 10 farmers. KVK maintained regular contact with them and provided suitable advisory services for specific problems. The timely vaccination and treatment were increased. Farmer fed the growing birds with locally available grains and feed material viz. rice polish, maize and vegetable wastes. After attaining maturity the birds were sold @ Rs. 110/kg for live meat and egg at the rate of Rs. 5/- at local market. With stock of 50 birds Mr. Ramu of village-Etauria earned net profit of Rs. 7450. He started hatching 10-12 eggs at a time and sells cheeks to other farmers of his village as well as neighboring village viz. Nizampur and spread the technology horizontally. Mr. Ramu has become a role model for rural youth and form women. Thus KVK Hardoi could make and excellent impact in improving the livelihood status of farming community.
Name of Technology : Colocasia cultivation.
Character of Technology : Colocasia is cultivated traditionally in district Hardoi and is low remunerative because of incidence of colocasia late blight. This is very common disease causing rotting of underground rhizome. KVK identified management of late blight as intervention and spray of Matalaxyl @ 2.0 gram per liter of water at 40, 60 and 75 days after planting.
Impact of Technology : Colocasia is grown by the small land holders in the peri-urban areas of district Hardoi. The small land holders cultivating Colocasia were identified as first line beneficiaries. KVK Hardoi organized training programme on integrated pest/diseases management in Colocasia at KVK centre and provided 2.0 kg Metalaxyl to 15 farmers of the village-Muzahidpur and Darveshpur of Bawan block. The scientist of KVK demonstrated the IDM practices in Colocasia and maintains regular contact with beneficiaries also provided farm advisory services for specific problems with recommended practices. Farmers fetched net income of Rs. 123350 per ha. Sri R.B. Kushwaha of village Muzahidpur among the beneficiaries become the source of inspiration for other farmers. The technology spread to more than 37 villages of block Bawan and Sandi covering more than 5750 farmers. The area under Colocasia has spread horizontally and reaches to the tune of 1575 ha. In this way KVK would make excellent impact by managing the late blight disease in Colocasia and substantially improving the economic status of the small land holders.
Name of Technology : Intercropping of Autumn planted sugarcane with Lentil.
Character of Technology : Sugarcane is cultivated as a commercial crop in district Hardoi on an area of 55000 ha as a sole crop in which about 10000 ha area is under autumn planted sugarcane. The average productivity of crop is 580 q/ha which is low remunerative. Sugarcane is a widely spaced planted crop and the interspaces between the rows are 60-75 cm which can be utilized for intercrops. KVK indentified intercropping of lentil with sugarcane in 1:2 row ratios as intervention in autumn plated sugarcane lentil as a low volume pulse crop which is very much suitable for intercropping with sugarcane. Lentil variety DPL-62 was selected for intervention due to compatibility and bold grain size.
Impact of Technology : KVK demonstrated the intercropping of lentil with sugarcane in 1:2 row ratio in villages Lilval, Majhhila, Kakeri of block Tandiyava with 5 farmers in each village. The seed variety DPL 62 were provided to 15 farmers. Farmers harvested lentil crop with an average productivity of 10.10 q/ha with net return of Rs. 18300/ha within the period of 115-120 days. The technology gained popularity among the sugarcane growers due to low cost of cultivation and higher return per unit area and time. The technology spread horizontally with an area of 400 ha covering 23 villages of Tandiyava and Todarpur block of the district. By introducing a new intercropping system (Sugarcane + Lentil) KVK made viable impact by diversifying and intensifying sugarcane based intercropping system.
Name of Technology : Intercropping of Sugarcane with Summer Groundnut.
Character of Technology : Sugarcane is cultivated as a commercial crop in district Hardoi on an area of 55000 ha as a sole crop in which about 40000 ha area is under spring planted sugarcane. Sugarcane is a widely spaced planted crop and the interspaces between the two rows of crops may be utilized for intercropping. Existing practices of sugarcane cultivation resulting low return. In order to utilized the inter spaces for inter cropping and maximize the return per unit area and time, KVK Hardoi selected groundnut variety TG 37A as an intercrop with spring planted sugarcane in row ratio of 1:2. The FLDs on the farmer’s field of village Barkhera were conducted and provided seed of summer groundnut.
Impact of Technology : Sri Akhilesh Singh of village Barkhera and other FLDs beneficiaries harvested 17.5q/ha pod with net return of Rs. 20500/ha. The inclusion of summer groundnut as an intercrop with spring planted sugarcane gained popularity among the farmers of village Barkhera and other neighboring village because of additional income of Rs. 20500/ha within 95-100 days. The response of the farmer in the spread of technology is highly appreciable. At present sugarcane + summer groundnut intercropping is practiced in area of 175ha in the district Hardoi. KVK made a remarkable contribution to sugarcane growers by transferring the sugarcane + summer groundnut intercropping system on their fields.