District Profile

Hardoi district is a district of Lucknow Division of Uttar Pradesh. It lies between 26'-53" to 27"-31'North Latitude and 79'-41" to 80'-46" East Longitude. Its north border touches Shahjahanpur & Lakhimpur Kheri Districts. Lucknow and Unnao are Situated at south border, West Borders touches Kanpur & Farrukhabad and on eastern border Gomti river separates the district from Sitapur.

  • District Hardoi comprises of 5 tehsils (Hardoi, Shahabad, Bilgram, Sandila & Sawayajpur), 19 blocks, 191 Nyay, Panchayat, 1101 Gram Sabha & 1901 habited revenue villages.
  • It also has 7 Nagar Palika Parishads & 6 Nagar Panchayats. Geographical area is 5947 sq. km.
  • As per census 2011, Population of the district is 4091380, out of which Female are 1887116 & Male are 2204264.

  • History

    According to general conventions hardoi district is related with "HIRNAKASHYAP" its present name hardoi is a distorted version of its earlier name "HARIDROHI ". In view of some people this district was colonized by Hardevbaksh and just because of this reason there is an old locality Hardevganj exists in the city. Mallawa, Bilgram, Pihani, Shahabad, Sandila & Ruiyaa are the places of historical significance. According to some historians Mallawa was colonized by Buddhists while some believed that Sayyed Salar Masood Gazi came here. Earlier this area Mallawa was district headquarter. The ancient name of Bilgram is "SRINAGAR" its present name Bilgram was given by some associates of .Mahmood Gajnavi.Pihani is derived by persian word Pinhani (place of shelter), it is believed that king of Moughal dynasty Humayun took shelter in the forest of Pihani when he was defeated by Shershah Suri. Pihani is also related with the minister Sadarejahan of Emperor Akbar. His tomb and paintings are still here.According to the view of some people, Sandila was colonized by Rishi Sandilya. Sandila is also famous for old buildings,mosque & barakhamba.


    Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

    S.N. Farming System / Enterprise
    1 Paddy - wheat, Maize - Wheat, Maize-potato, rice - mustard, Maize-potato-vegetable, groundnut-barley- vegetable are major cropping sequence.
    2 Area under sugarcane increased.
    3 Due to high level of sodicity in AES IV crop rotation with lentil, gram, onion and maize are not followed.
    4 Bajara-wheat is associated with AES II and III and groundnut is sown as a important kharif crop but irregular rainfall and irrigation problems area under groundnut cultivation is decreasing day by day.
    5 The resource rich farmers keep graded buffalo but poor people keep desi buffaloes and 5-6 goats.
    6 Fruit and agro-forestry based farming systems are adopted largely by resource rich farmers and river bed farming system are operated by poor and landless farmers.
    7 Garlic, onion, vegetable pea for green pods and watermelon, cucumber and cucurbits are the component of farming system which provides highest net returns.

    Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

    S.N. Agro-Climatic Zone Characteristics
    1 Central mid plain zone-V Major crop production zone of U.P.
    Cropping intensity - 142%
    Climate-Moist, sub-humid and dry sub-humid Rainfall - 1211 - 1470mm
    Most of the area occurs in middle of Ganga and Yamuna river
    Major crops-Wheat, rice, sugarcane, maize, potato, vegetable and pulses etc
    Average land holding 0.90 ha.
    Total NPK consumption (52.11, 25.43 and 2.62 Kg/ha)
    S.N. Agro-Climatic Zone Characteristics
    1 AES-I Loamy soil, silty loam soil and loamy sand soil, slightly high pH, borewell, canal, irrigated area. Area comprises six blocks ie. Sandila, Bharawan, Benhdar, Kothawan, Kachhona and Ahirori. Major crops Wheat and other horticultural crops. Dairy is the major subsidiary occupation.
    S.N. Agro-Climatic Zone Characteristics
    2 AES-II Loamy, sandy loam and silty loam, normal pH is existing. This AES is mainly irrigated through borewell tubewell and canal. Area comprises six blocks ie. Bharkhani, Shahabad, Todarpur, Pihani, Hariyawan and Tadiyawan.
    S.N. Agro-Climatic Zone Characteristics
    3 AES-III Loamy and loamy sand soil is dominated soil, irrigation facility is poor, mainly rainfed area and some area are covered through borewell and tubewell. Area comprising in this AES seven blocks ie. Bawan, Harpalpur, Sandi, Sursa, Bilgram, Madhoganj and Mallawan. Main crops are maize, urd, moong, mustard, pea and gram.

    Soil Types

    S.N. Soil Type Characteristics Area in (ha)
    1 Sandy Loam Light gray to light brownish gray, neutral to mildly, alkaline, fair water holding capacity and fertilizer responsive. 103492
    2 Loam Light gray to light greenish, sandy loam to loam calcareous, impregnate with big kankars. Good wateholding capacity and nitrogen responsive. 95530
    3 Low Land and Clay Loam Brownish gray to gray white, very strongly alkaline, water soluble salt pre-dominated, poor in organic matter and nitrogen & zinc water table. Fertilizer responsive only water reclamation. 199022

    Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

    S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Qtl) Productivity (Qtl /ha)
    1 Rice 100227 2262123 22.57
    2 Wheat 343069 1062320 39.96
    3 Maize 39179 55447 14.15
    4 Jowar 6474 6896 10.65
    5 Bajra 4371 4818 11.02
    6 Barley 1812 2487 13.73
    7 Urd 26755 14861 5.55
    8 Mung 263 114 4.33
    9 Ground Nut 7300 70010 9.59
    10 Arhar 1721 11880 6.9
    11 Til 25934 35270 1.36
    12 Sunflower 159 3650 22.96
    13 Mustard 12749 118680 9.31
    14 Sugarcane 52069 14420020 508.84
    15 Potato 11153 3068080 275.09
    16 Gram 749 6370 8.51
    17 Pea 1053 13710 13.02
    18 Lentil 10596 113800 10.74
    19 Total Oilseed 46157 227690 4.93
    20 Total Pulses 41137 295510 7.18
    21 Total Cereals 566294 14258580 25.7
    Horticulture
    1 Onion 528
    2 Vegetable 17049
    3 Mango 6599 17810 2.69
    4 Guava 341 3571 10.47
    5 Papaya 3 66 22
    6 Garlic 115 461 0.61
    7 Cucumber 450

    Weather Data

    Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature C Relative Humidity (%)
    April 2014 0.00 Maximum : 36.70
    Minimum : 27.50
    58.50
    May 2014 4.76 Maximum : 40.90
    Minimum : 34.35
    57.37
    June 2014 8.52 Maximum : 42.73
    Minimum : 33.12
    55.38
    July 2014 109.32 Maximum : 32.90
    Minimum : 29.45
    81.34
    August 2014 35.48 Maximum : 32.16
    Minimum : 27.90
    88.24
    Sept. 2014 83.34 Maximum : 34.83
    Minimum : 27.29
    89.18
    October 2014 21.66 Maximum : 18.50
    Minimum : 24.25
    82.85
    November 2014/th> 0.00 Maximum : 28.56
    Minimum : 18.50
    81.20
    December 2014 9.38 Maximum : 22.16
    Minimum : 14.90
    80.12
    January 2015 14.83 Maximum : 18.05
    Minimum : 6.78
    74.75
    February 2015 6.40 Maximum : 21.63
    Minimum : 10.41
    70.12
    March 2015 38.98 Maximum : 27.58
    Minimum : 14.46
    66.76

    Production and Productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

    Category Population Production Productivity
    Cattle
    Crossbred 32982
    Indigenous 540298
    Buffalo 463374
    Sheep
    Crossbred
    Indigenous
    Goats 383281
    Pigs 37684
    Crossbred
    Indigenous
    Rabbits 246
    Poultry
    Hens
    Desi
    Improved
    Ducks
    Turkey and Others
    Fish
    Marine
    Inland
    Prawn
    Scampi
    Shrimp

    District Profile

    S.N. Subject Unit period Particular
    1 Geographical Area Sq. K.M. 2011 5989
    Male In thousand 2011 2187
    Female 2011 1897
    Total 2011 4084
    Rurals 2011 3542
    Cities 2011 542
    Schedule Caste 2011 1271
    Schedule Trible 2011 0.36
    2 Number of Litracy Person
    Male 2011 1371.69
    Female 2011 845.14
    Total 2011 2216.83
    Number of below Poverty Family
    Rurals 2002 352.99
    Cities 2002 4.18
    Total 2002 357.17
    3 Number of Election Areas Number
    Parliament 2012-13 2
    Legeslative Assembly 2012-13 8
    4 No. of Tehsils 2012-13 5
    5 No. of Blocks 2012-13 19
    6 No. of Nyay Panchayat 2012-13 191
    7 No. of Gram Panchayat 2012-13 1101
    8 Number of Villages 2012-13
    Number of Established Villages 2012-13 1905
    Number of un Established villages 2012-13 165
    Total villages 2070
    9 City & City organization 2012-13 0
    10 Nagar Nigam 2012-13 7
    11 Nagar Palika Parishad 2012-13 0
    12 Cantoomen Area 2012-13 5
    13 Nagar Panchayat 2012-13 0
    14 Senses Town 2012-13 5
    15 Police Station
    Rural 2012-13 10
    Cities 2012-13 13
    16 Bus Station / Bus Stop 2012-13 83
    17 Railway Station (with Halt) 2012-13 25
    18 Lenth of Raily Line
    Broad Gaze Km. 169
    Meter Gaze 0
    19 Post Office
    Cities Number 29
    Rural Number 304
    20 Telegraph Office
    21 Telephone Users Number 8557
    22 Corporate Banks
    Nationalise Bank Branches Number 125
    Other Banks Number 4
    23 Rural Bank Branches Number 62
    24 Cooperatve Bank Branches Number 20
    25 Cooperatve Agriculture & Rural Development Bank Branches Number 7
    26 Cheap grains sale merchant
    Rural Number 1331
    Cities Number 161
    27 Bio Gas Instrument Number 8341
    28 Cold Storages Number 24
    29 Agriculture
    Actual Sown Area in ha 433250
    More than one time sown area in ha 237359
    Pure irrigated area in ha 385284
    Total irrigated area in ha 553244
    29 Agriculture Production
    Food Grains in Mt. 1628688
    Sugarcane in Mt. 1834293
    Oilseed in Mt. 227690
    Potato in Mt. 3068080
    30 Climate
    31 Rain
    General m.m. 941
    Actual m.m. 758.7
    32 Temperature
    Highest Centigrate 43
    Lowest Centigrate 2.6
    33
    Length of Canals 2012-13 1548
    Government Tubewells 2012-13 511
    Private Tubewells and Pump Sets 2012-13 91125
    34 Livestocks
    Total Livestock 2007 1490625
    Veterinary Hospitals 2012-13 47
    Veterinary Hospitals - D Category 2012-13 2
    Livestocks Service Center 2012-13 61
    Artificial Insemination Center 2012-13 68
    Number of livestock per 100 ha area 2007 248.9
    Number of livestock per 1000 population 2007 390.5
    Number of milch animals per 100 population 2007 10.50
    Number of poultry birds per 1000 population 2007 53.20
    35 Cooperatives
    Begening Agriculture Loan Cooperatives 2012-13 199
    No. of Cooperative members 2012-13 336
    36 Industries
    Registered Workshop under 1948 Act 2009-10 71
    37 Small Scale Industries
    Number of Small Scale Industries 2012-13 75
    Number of Workers 2012-13 1875
    38 Education
    Primary Schools 2012-13 3952
    Higher Secondary Schools 2012-13 1314
    Intermediate College 2012-13 463
    Alternative Education Center 2012-13 128
    Graduate College 2012-13 28
    Post Graduate College 2012-13 3
    Universities 2012-13 0
    Industrial Training Institutes 2012-13 4
    Polytechnique 2012-13 1
    Teachers Training Institute 2012-13 1
    Engineering Colleges 2012-13 0
    Medical Colleges 2012-13 0
    39 Human Medico
    40 Hospitals and Dispenseries
    Alopathic 2012-13 10
    Aauryadic 2012-13 46
    Homeopathic 2012-13 36
    Unani 2012-13 10
    Community Health Center 2012-13 14
    Primary Health Center 2012-13 77
    41 Land Holding
    Total Number of Land holding 2005-06 601546
    Percentage of Small and marginal land holding 2005-06 93.6
    Percentage of area under small and marginal size of land holding 2005-06 71.4
    Average size of land holding 2005-06 0.80